Thursday, June 25, 2020

Computer Games as the Emerging New Kind of Art

Computer Games as the Emerging New Kind of Art It may sound pretentious, but computer games seem to gradually start behaving as if they were growing into something more, than simple entertainment. However, it is not the first time it happens – for example, theatre has grown out of folk festivals that had no goal other than entertaining their participants and onlookers, and cinema has evolved from primitive silent comedies into the whole great industry, differentiating from the popular films that are often not much more sophisticated than the first silent films to complex, multilayered art house works, making the viewer think and expecting him to do so. Gaming industry seems to be now in the stage of developing its entertaining potential. There are, however, rare yet growing signs of new trends developing, games that understand the idea of â€Å"entertainment† in another, interesting and original way. After all, aren’t books by Kafka entertaining for the person, who understands and enjoys them? We may mention the example of Russian studio Ice-Pick Lodge, which made art house games their main line of work. Their projects like Pathologic, Void and oncoming Cargo are definitely entertaining, yet in their own, twisted and peculiar way. They are hard to perceive and call for great attention from the player, offering him a unique experience, created by refusal to resort to any established clichà ©s and principles, used by the whole gaming industry. There are other games that move in the same direction, but they only rarely get the attention of prestigious publishers, being in their majority indie-titles, such as Braid, And Yet It Moves and others. Nevertheless, these signs are very promising. If the evolution of computer games goes in the same way the evolution of cinema went, we are in for something really interesting to behold in near future.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Future of Freedom - 1081 Words

History The Future of Freedom nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;In his book, The Future of Freedom, Fareed Zakaria writes that we must make democracy safe for the world. The American democracy sets the standard around the world for liberal democracies, but transitions across for other countries across the world toward a liberal democracy is often difficult and with poor decision making, close to impossible. Liberal democracies are the systems in which people choose their government and live in an environment of freedom. In Zakaria’s book, he warns the readers of several telltale signs that their process toward a liberal democracy is in trouble. He uses examples of different countries doing it right and doing it wrong- the ones discussed in†¦show more content†¦Zakaria writes, â€Å"They know that to introduce capitalism into China requires much more than economic changes, so they have allowed significant reforms of the administrative and legal systems as well† (81). Although Zakaria argues that Chin a must reform its political system, he says a quick transition to a liberal democracy can lead to chaos, because of the large size of the country and the small size of its middle class. Other reasons, and probably more realistic reasons for China’s slow progression towards a democratic state is that the leaders want to clasp to its stronghold on the political system. Can democracy work in China? Zakaria feels it cannot be ignored the progress the Chinese economy has had under its state as a free economy. But the problem continues to be the political progress of this country. China still only has a small middle class, which is detrimental towards a functioning liberal democracy. During the 1980s, there were pushes for political reform from members of the political scene as well as from the public but all that came to a halt during the massacre in Tiananmen Square when soldiers stomped out the early fires of democracy (Zakaria,83). But in 1992, China’s leader, Deng Xiaoping, gave his blessing for open economic markets (Zakaria, 83). That leads us to the present time.Show MoreRelatedThe Future of Freedom1075 Words   |  5 PagesHistory The Future of Freedom In his book, The Future of Freedom, Fareed Zakaria writes that we must make democracy safe for the world. The American democracy sets the standard around the world for liberal democracies, but transitions across for other countries across the world toward a liberal democracy is often difficult and with poor decision making, close to impossible. Liberal democracies are the systems in which people choose their government and live in an environment of freedom. In ZakariasRead MoreSpeech On Freedom Of Speech950 Words   |  4 Pagesand express yourself freely. Liberty was not absolute for everybody. Way back and even today people still don’t have complete liberty in America. The early Americans put limits on freedom even when they were trying to create more freedom. The type of limits that the early Americans put on freedom were limits on freedom of speech, and much more. Even with the American Revolution, it was not for everybody. The American Revolution was only for the c olonist and men, but over time the idea of libertyRead MoreDo We Have a Free Will? Essay example1462 Words   |  6 Pagesbe free in making decisions. The aspect of freedom could entail remarkably a high status action and achievement in an individual’s life whose attainment could be close to impossibility. Often, people make decisions rooting their actions on assumptions made on the subject of freedom. The causes of an action are adequate preconditions to bring about their effects to the individual’s decision-making. This explains that the past can possibly shape the future of an individual throughout his or her decisionsRead MoreThe Ethics of Ambiguity Essay1519 Words   |  7 PagesDe Beauvoir relies on an individual’s freedom to argue that existence is ambiguous and that each individual should act with the intention of securing this freedom in herself and others. I find Simone de Beauvoir’s analysis on an ambiguous existence to be logical, as I tend to think and act in ways that may constitute my being an existentialist. Throughout The Ethics of Ambiguity, de Beauvoir contrasts the facticity of the world with the individual’s freedom to choose how to shape an otherwise ambiguousRead MoreSocietys Fate in Brave New World by Aldous Huxley994 Words   |  4 PagesAlthough the future remains difficult to predict, some ideas develop the undeniable fate of society. Throughout Brave New World, Aldous Huxley explains predictions for the future of society. The story begins by introducing Bernard Marx and his discovery of John, and his mother Linda on the reservation. This unfolds into John realizing the degree to which society has stripped their humanity. The emotionless society that Huxley displays depicts the nearing future of society. Although the future will introduceRead MoreRhetorical Analysis Of Reagans Farewell Address1653 Words   |  7 Pageswhole of America spreading this pride, it will begin to dwindle and fade away. He knows it will take all of America to keep up this feeling of nationa l pride. Additionally, he knows that Americans need to keep this spirit and pride alive, for the future of America. Within the text, Reagan also utilizes diction and to advance his tone, for example, he uses words like,†love† â€Å"appreciation† and â€Å"values† to further his tone of pride, hopefulness, and patriotism. Furthermore, when he says â€Å"I’ve spokenRead More2. The Search For Meaning And The Idea Of Freedom. . Frankl1357 Words   |  6 Pages2. The Search for Meaning and the Idea of Freedom Frankl supports the idea that humans are ultimately free and is the ultimate achievement for man. Even in the most terrible circumstances, a person still has the freedom to choose how they see their outcome and what kind of meaning they are going to take away from the situation. Frankl believes that there is a kind of freedom that can never be stolen from a person no matter how ruthless the situation. Frankl wrestled with the questions of whereRead MoreCompare/Contrast Douglass and Jacobs1607 Words   |  7 Pagesperspective of the female slave, Harriet Jacobs in â€Å"Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl†, and respectfully compared to that of a man slave, Frederick Douglass in â€Å"The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass†. Although both experienced their freedoms despite facing great adversity, being a slave woman offers a different perspective of a woman’s account of her disadvantages. One way that Harriet Jacobs perceived slavery differently than Frederick Douglass is that as a child, she never evenRead MoreAnalysis Of George Orwell s 1984848 Words   |  4 Pagesfor the future. In 1984 a man named Winston lives in a world covered in cameras. He is under surveillance twenty/four seven. Winston was interfered with his privacy, but also every other citizen is monitored. In 1984 George Orwell said â€Å"There was of course no way of knowing whether you were being watched at any given moment†. Winston was not allowed to do anything or show any type of expression. Privacy shows the type of freedom we have and our limits as a citizen. Privacy shows are freedom becauseRead MoreThe Negative Effects Of Child Marriage751 Words   |  4 Pagespoor villages. Their belief is to choose their life partner at the early age. Because of their families poor level, and less education. Child marriage ruins many childrens life and future. Child marriage has to stop, otherwise, it will get negative effects on the financial status of children, as well as their freedom and education. First of all, child marriage can negatively impact the childrens financial status. Most children that are married young are more likely to end up stay in poverty. At

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The University of Phoenix Admissions Admissions Data

Since the University of Phoenix Online has open admissions, generally anyone has the opportunity to study through the school. Keep in mind that the university, like many online for-profit institutions, has an extremely low completion rate for degree-seeking candidates. Interested prospective students should check out the schools website for more information and contact the school with any questions. Admissions Data (2016) The University of Phoenix has an open admission policy. Test Scores: since the University of Phoenix has open admission and does not require test scores, the university does not report SAT or ACT data to the Department of Education The University of Phoenix Online Description The University of Phoenix is a for-profit university with over 200 campuses across the United States. The online school alone has hundreds of thousands of students, and the school is by far the largest private university in North America. The University of Phoenix awards associate, bachelors, masters, and doctoral degrees. At the baccalaureate level, business fields are the most popular. Academics are supported by a 37 to 1  student / faculty ratio. Most University of Phoenix students are adults seeking to advance their skills and careers with the convenience and flexibility of online learning. Be sure to look at the statistics below carefully. The University of Phoenix can be a good choice for disciplined students who want to expand their skill sets, but the actual graduation rate is abysmal. If you enter the university planning to earn a degree, keep in mind that very few students actually achieve that goal. Also be careful with financial aid: loan  aid outweighs grants by a si gnificant percentage. While the total cost of the University of Phoenix may seem like a bargain compared to other colleges and universities, the reality is that a school with a higher price tag may, in fact, be the better value. Enrollment (2016) Total Enrollment: 131,629 (103,711 undergraduates)Gender Breakdown: 31% Male / 69% Female100% Full-time Costs (2016  - 17) Tuition and Fees: $9,690Books: $1,112  (why so much?)Room and Board (off campus): $5,183Other Expenses: $4,421Total Cost: $20,406 The University of Phoenix Online Financial Aid (2015  - 16) Percentage of New Students Receiving Aid: 85%Percentage of New Students Receiving Types of AidGrants: 82%Loans: 79%Average Amount of AidGrants: $5,344Loans: $8,453 Academic Programs Most Popular Majors:  Accounting, Business Administration, Criminal Justice, Human Services, Information Technology, Nursing, Psychology Graduation and Retention Rates First Year Student Retention (full-time students): 31%4-Year Graduation Rate: 1%6-Year Graduation Rate: 11%    The University of Phoenix Online Mission Statement: mission statement from http://www.phoenix.edu/about_us/about_university_of_phoenix/mission_and_purpose.html University of Phoenix provides access to higher education opportunities that enable students to develop knowledge and skills necessary to achieve their professional goals, improve the productivity of their organizations and provide leadership and service to their communities. Data source: National Center for Educational Statistics

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Gender Roles, Stereotyping and Gender Bias Essay - 2273 Words

Gender affects every aspect of our life, from how we feel about ourselves and set our goals in educational, recreational and work opportunities as well as the the nature and extent of our participation in social and civic life. It has a strong impact on the way we practice our religion, the way we dress, the way we express our feelings and the nature of all of our relationships with others. This paper explores various facets of gender roles in order to understand this topic such as what role males and females are expected to play in todays society, how gender roles are decided, affected and exaggerated by stereotyping. Futhermore, this paper will draw attention towards how stereotyping leads to gender biases. What is Gender†¦show more content†¦An individual can either identify themselves with a subculture or social group which results in them having diverse gender roles. Today when a human baby is born the first question that is asked is Is it a boy or a girl? In human culture the answer to this question is gigantically significant. This definition of femaleness or maleness is the hypothesis of the society which assumes that the child who is born a girl will remain female forever, while a boy will be a male. Gender roles are created by society and vary from society to society as it takes all sorts to make a world. It does not matter where ever you are in the world its just society which assigns the gender roles without even having enough knowledge about ones gender identity. We living in 21st century but when it comes to gender role orientation we are in total chaos. Gender identity : Most non- Western societies have three human genders man ,woman and third gender. In the West, gender is consider to be the same as ones sex identity and there are only two valid options male or female. Any gender variation , other than male or female gender is treated as disease or abnormalities or gender disorder e.g homosexual, bisexualShow MoreRelatedGender Stereotyping And Gender Stereotypes848 Words   |  4 PagesGender stereotyping is one of the most controversial topics in the field of education. Professionals are constantly trying to find efficient and effective ways to monitor not only teachers and administrators, but the students as well, to be sure that gender stereotyping and gender biases are kept to the minimum within the school environment. With the goal of neither gender biases nor gender stereotyping in the school system, higher educational professionals constantly seek and research to find waysRead MoreThe Egg And The Sperm By Emily Martin910 Words   |  4 Pag esthroughout the conversation of language in science indiscreetly displays gender bias towards women, aiding the theories that Martin addresses in her article. 2. Introduction paragraph: †¢ Introduce, Emily Martin’s article The Egg and the Sperm. Martin’s main goal is to shine a light on gender stereotypes hidden in the language of biology (Martin 1). Explain the gender roles in scientific language. Three main points of the article, Gender bias is seen in an early age in science textbooks, science demonstratesRead MoreThe Egg And The Sperm : How Science Has Constructed A Romance1168 Words   |  5 PagesMale-Female Roles† to show the world that there is gender stereotyping not only in our culture but also scientific language as well (Martin, 39). In reproductive roles males are depicted as the heroic warrior who go on missions to get to females, while women are seen as wasteful and passive, not working nearly as hard as the men. Not only does science exhibit females in such a derogatory aspect, but it’s teaching children in early age science textbooks the gender bias as well. Scientific stereotyping seemsRead MoreGender Stereotyping S tandards For Men And Women Across America909 Words   |  4 PagesGender stereotyping sets standards for men and women across America, this being true for the past few hundred years. It is not secret that women are said to be most useful in the kitchen, and that men are to be found somewhere doing hard work, being the bread winner. Also, in the way we allow our young children to be identified; blue means it’s a boy, pink means it’s a girl. As times change, so does society and its mentality as a whole. Some stereotypes have been more difficult to break than othersRead MoreGender Roles in Childrens Books1034 Words   |  5 Pages GENDER REPRESENTATION AND STEREOTYPING IN 7 for the years pre-1970 presented male to female ratios of 4.0:1 in titles, 2.6:1 in central roles, and 1.6:1 in pictures (Kortenhaus Demarest, 1993). The Caldecott books for the years post-1970 had more equal ratios of 1.2:1 for titles, 1.2:1 for central roles, and 1.1:1 in pictures. The non-award books showed similar ratios. This is a significant decrease from the male to female ratios in Weitzman’s study of Caldecott books in 1972. This study resultedRead MoreGender Bias In The Recruitment Process At Job Fairs1270 Words   |  5 PagesGender Bias in the Recruitment Process at Job Fairs Chapter 1: Problem Definition Administrative Research Problem Background Gender bias is problematic for organizations that wish to increase innovation and avoid legal problems due to their hiring practices. Federal law requires that hiring practices do not exclude persons based on their gender, race, ethnicity, or any other category to which they belong. Hiring must be based solely on the persons ability and suitability for the jobRead MoreMedia Portrayal Of Gender Stereotypes1268 Words   |  6 Pages Gender stereotyping is usually used in media to improve character traits and create humorous circumstances. When stereotypes are present in popular television shows, audience assume those messages of gender, making it difficult to counter stereotypical behavior. This paper emphasis on gender roles in popular media and it’s important for analysts and educators to identify stereotypical interpretations. Using feminist theory, media depictions can be understood and studiedRead MoreThe Influence Of Afrocentric Facial, Criminal Sentencing, By Irene V. Blair Essay1543 Words   |  7 PagesHealth Research and also the Associate Editor for the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. Her research mainly focuses on stereotyping, prejudice and discrimination. Her research mainly drills down about the underlying subtle or implicit processes of previously mentioned topics. Her current research topics are regarding issues in health care and how social biases plays a role in it. Charles M. Judd has acquired his Ph.D. from the Columbia University in 1976, he is with the Department of PsychologyRead MoreGender Stereotyping : A Televised Media Sports Coverage1332 Words   |  6 Pages Gender Stereotyping in Internationally Televised Media Sports Coverage Anonymous University of Arizonaâ€Æ' Abstract Sports fans usually acknowledge various sports through different mass media outlets. To develop our comprehension of social qualities inserted in sports and to investigate current values and power structures in regards to men and women, it is important to explore the potential impact that media may have in manipulating conventions about gender-appropriate sport conduct. One questionRead More Interview With Men In Non-Traditional Roles Essay1105 Words   |  5 Pages Men In Non-Traditional Roles nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;This paper takes a look into the lives of three males breaking out of their gender stereotyped roles in society. These males avoid the boundaries traditional thinking has tried to impose on them and embark on their own as what they like to call quot;pioneers in the mens equality movement.quot; Introduction: The Mennbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;First off, this paper will introduce the three quot;pioneersquot;;

Cyp 3.3 Childcare Level 3 Guidelines Essay - 2014 Words

LEVEL 3 DIPLOMA FOR THE CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE’S WORKFORCE (QCF) GUIDANCE FOR UNDERSTAND HOW TO SAFEGUARD THE WELLBEING OF CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE UNIT CODE: CYP CORE 3.3 Unit content 1. Understand the main legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding children and young people Current legislation, guidelines and policies regarding the safeguarding of children and young people relevant to own home country: Legislation: Children Act 1989; Children Act 2004; Every Child Matters (England); Education Act 2002; UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) Guidelines: Working Together to Safeguard Children 2010, What to do if you’re worried that a child is being abused 2006,†¦show more content†¦centred approach: the wishes and feelings of children must be identified and taken account of; child at the centre of the process by involving the child or young person in meetings, asking for their opinion when discussing matters relating to them; importance of respecting children and young people Partnership working in the context of safeguarding: the importance of the role of all parties in child protection; multi- agencies involvement in safeguarding; essential nature of communication to ensure the safety and protection of children; prompt action to ensure early intervention; prevention of children/young people not receiving protection; lessons learned from high profile cases; shared competencies; the Integrated Workforce Agenda Roles and responsibilities of the different organisations that may be involved when a child or young person has been abused or harmed: Children’s Social Care (act when concerns raised about a child, carry out assessment of child’s needs, interview child or young person and family, gather information from other agencies, lead Child Protection Conference, take action if child or young person in immediate danger);police (make decision about whether crime has been committed, take emergency action if child or young person is in immediate danger);health professionals, general practitioners, doctors in emergency departments (examine/observe a child or young person thought to be at risk of abuse or who has suffered abuse); health visitors; TheShow MoreRelatedWell Being of Children and Young People7337 Words   |  30 PagesHELEN TANDY: REF No: DG66205 UNIT 3 /CODE CYP CORE 3.3 UNDERSTAND HOW TO SAFEGUARD THE WELLBEING OF CHILDREN amp; YOUNG PEOPLE TASK 1 TO LEARNING OUTCOME 1 ASSESMENT CRITERIA 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 1.1 The first children’s act was brought out in 1989 to make it easier for the laws which protected children and young adults. It was mad clear that all children had rights and all the children services should work together in the event of any allegations of child abuse. England amp; Wales producedRead MoreLearning and Social Care Essay examples30870 Words   |  124 PagesCACHE Qualification Specification CACHE Level 3 Diploma for the Children and Young People’s Workforce (QCF) CACHE Level 3 Diploma for the Children and Young People’s Workforce (QCF) CACHE  © Copyright 2011 All rights reserved worldwide.    Reproduction by approved CACHE centres is permissible for internal use under the following conditions: CACHE has provided this Qualification Specification in Microsoft Word format to enable its Centres to use its content more flexibly within their ownRead MoreEssay about Dcypw Cyp Core 3.79411 Words   |  38 PagesCYP Core 3.7: Understand how to support positive outcomes for children and young people. 1.1 Describe the social, economic and cultural factors that will impact on the lives of children and young people. Every one is an individual and so everyone has individual needs. It is important that as a practitioner that I always take this into consideration and consider the fact that each child will also experience their own personal situations which are unique to them. These unique situations oftenRead MoreThe Importance Of Safeguarding The Well Being Of Children And Young People Essay1774 Words   |  8 PagesCYP Core 3.3: Understanding how to safeguard the well-being of children and young people Section: 1.1 Outline Current Legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures within own UK Home Nations affects the safeguarding of children young people. The main current legislations and guidelines that apply within own UK Home Nations are: †¢ UN Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989/2003 †¢ Working together to safeguard Children 2010 †¢ Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage 2008 †¢ ChildrenRead MoreEssay on Cyp 3.310914 Words   |  44 PagesCYP 33-1.1 Outline current legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures within own UK Home Nation affecting the safeguarding ofChildren and young people. Nspcc Nspcc is providing help and support for children who are in poverty or in danger and make a difference for all children. UK is registered with Nspcc and gets help for children who are in the country. They provide service, advice, support, campaigning and education activities for children. The NSPCCs local services will concentrate onRead Moreunit 025 understand how to safeguard the wellbeing of children and young people12685 Words   |  51 Pagesto play, communicate and socialise with each other in the setting. Children and young people also need healthy, nutritious and enjoyable food, and opportunities to move and exercise their bodies. They need to be able to make decisions and develop a level of independence that is appropriate to their age and development. Practitioners also have responsibilities for providing extra support to children and young people whose needs are not being met, working with parents and other professionals. Some childrenRead MoreChild Care Level 311778 Words   |  48 Pagescare or children and young people’s settings (ShC 31) Chapter 1 aC 1.1 1.2 What you need to know the different reasons people communicate how communication affects relationships in the work setting aC What you need to do 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 4.1 4.2 4.3 Demonstrate how to establish the communication and language needs, wishes and preferences of individuals Describe the factors to consider when promoting effective communication Demonstrate a range of communication methods and stylesRead MoreChildcare: Education and Subject Code Essay43120 Words   |  173 PagesAscentis Level 3 Award in Supporting Teaching and Learning in Schools Subject Code: 501/1289/2 Ascentis Level 3 Certificate in Supporting Teaching and Learning Subject Code: 501/1706/3 Level 2 Certificate in Cover Supervision Subject Code: 501/1718/X Ascentis Level 3 Diploma in Specialist Support for Teaching and Learning Subject Code: 501/1719/1 Level 3 Award/Certificate/Diploma Level 3 Award in Supporting Teaching and Learning in Schools Level 3 Certificate in Supporting Teaching and LearningRead MoreCashe Level 2 Essay example18123 Words   |  73 PagesCACHE Qualification Specification CACHE Level 2 Certificate for the Children and Young People’s Workforce (QCF) CACHE Level 2 Certificate for the Children and Young People’s Workforce (QCF)  © CACHE 2011 Except as allowed by law, or where specified in the text, no part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior permission from the Council for Awards in Care, Health and Education. CACHE has provided this Qualification Specification in Microsoft

Competitive Strategy Arrangement of Resources

Question: Describe about the Competitive Strategy for Arrangement of Resources. Answer: Introduction Competitive strategy is defined as a long-term plan of a particular company that helps the company to increase competitive advantage over its rivals in the industry. The key objective of competitive strategy is to create a self-protective position in an industry as well as generate advanced Return-on-Investment (Jayawardhana and Weerawardena 2014). The company that will gain competitive strategy in this report is Fosters group. An Australian beer group was established in the year 1888 in Melbourne. The vision of the organization is stimulating global enjoyment. The premium product of Fosters group is to inspire enjoyment all over the world. The company also generates service excellence to customers and it also generates superior returns for stakeholders (Pettigrew et al. 2012). Paragraph 1 Key Ideas (Strategy) Strategy is defined as the direction as well as scope of an organization over the long-term. Strategy helps to accomplish advantage for an organization through arrangement of resources within a challenging environment. The key ideas that have been derived from the material are that most important strategy is unrivaled customer service. This type of strategy deals with superb customer service. Most of the organization faces the problem that deals with the fact that most customers are unable to remember the last time they received excellent customer service. An excellent customer service is not a rule however; it is an exception (Grant 2016). Another important key idea about strategy is globalization. Globalization has two prime characteristics that involve growing interdependency between the countries. It is comprehensive with numerous diverse business aspects. Another key idea about strategy is that it acts as a first-mover. In other words, it will prove beneficial for a business if they act as a first-mover that is if they are the first company to sell a new product. This will help the company to dominate the market and achieve higher-than-average profit (Sassen 2015). The advantage of first-mover strategy is that a company will be able to control a business that is necessary for a business. Another advantage of this strategy is that a first-mover enjoys switching costs of the purchasers. Switching costs involves adaptation of a new product. A low-cost pricing strategy is a policy in which a company offers a comparatively low price in order to encourage demand as well as increase market share. Low-cost strategy is also a part of generic marketing strategy. This strategy also helps the firm to win market share by attractive cost (Ferraro and Price 2013). Paragraph 2 Benefit of the organization (Fosters group) The organization that has gained from this strategy is Fosters group. The organization has gained first-mover advantage by the introduction of Carlton light with a low-cost price. The introduction of Carlton light was successful in maintaining steady sales over a period. This in turn, helped Fosters group to gain market. This helped the demographic segments of Australia to become more health conscious as Carlton light is a light beer that helped to maintain health. With the help of globalization strategy, Fosters group became more advanced in their products. It helped the company to produce their products at a rapid rate. Unrivaled customer service helped the company to maximize their customer service. Paragraph 1 Key Ideas (Business Model Innovation) Business Model Innovation does not mean that a company needs to generate something new. Rather, it means that a company needs to improve something old or existing. If the company does not execute that then, todays success will become enemy of tomorrows success. Business model innovation either increases customer value or lowers the cost of customers. This in turn, creates competitive advantage. With the help of innovation, the organization will be able to outperform its competitors that will lead to competitive advantage. Generally, when a company is able to deliver the similar benefits to its customers as its rivals but at a lower cost, then it leads to competitive advantage. The business innovation model that should be followed by a company should include initiation, ideation, integration and implementation. Initiation predicts the analysis of current business model whereas; ideation is the confrontation of development of new models. The consistency of business model is verified by integration and implementation is the execution of plan or a method (Massa and Tucci 2013). Paragraph 2 Benefit of the organization (Fosters group) The innovation of Fosters group on new product has improved the product portfolio of the company. This has also allowed an edge over other rivals in the industry. The company gained competitive advantage by launching new products that included Cascade Green as well as Carbon offset beer. The company also re-launched Carton premium day. Fosters Group has a wide portfolio of products that helped the company to gain profit. The innovation that has been performed by the company is mainly linked to the preferences of the customers. The innovation that was executed by the company was Carlton Light which is low in carbs as well as alcohol volume. However, it is rich in taste that mainly attracted the customers towards the product (Kastalli and Van Looy 2013). Conclusion It can be concluded that the organization that has gained from this strategy is Fosters group. The organization has gained first-mover advantage by the introduction of Carlton light with a low-cost price. Thus, first-mover advantage will help the company to dominate the market and achieve marginal profit. With the help of innovation, Fosters group will be able to outperform its competitors that will lead to competitive advantage. Carlton light is the innovation that has been performed by the company. It is a light beer that helped to maintain health of the individuals consuming it. References Ferraro, P.J. and Price, M.K., 2013. Using nonpecuniary strategies to influence behavior: evidence from a large-scale field experiment.Review of Economics and Statistics,95(1), pp.64-73. Grant, R.M., 2016.Contemporary strategy analysis: Text and cases edition. John Wiley Sons. Jayawardhana, K. and Weerawardena, J., 2014. Conceptualizing the Role of Market Learning in Social Innovation-Based Competitive Strategy. Kastalli, I.V. and Van Looy, B., 2013. Servitization: Disentangling the impact of service business model innovation on manufacturing firm performance.Journal of Operations Management,31(4), pp.169-180. Khan, M.N.H. and Haseeb, S., 2015. Impact of Employee Motivation and Satisfaction on Customer Satisfaction and Organizational Performance: A Theoretical Framework.The International Journal of Business Management,3(1), p.129. Massa, L. and Tucci, C.L., 2013. Business model innovation.The Oxford Handbook of Innovafion Management, pp.420-441. Pettigrew, S., Roberts, M., Pescud, M., Chapman, K., Quester, P. and Miller, C., 2012. The extent and nature of alcohol advertising on Australian television.Drug and alcohol review,31(6), pp.797-802. Sassen, S., 2015.Losing control?: sovereignty in the age of globalization. Columbia University Press.